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Pittwater High School

Pittwater High School

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Physical Activity and Sports Studies (PASS)

Physical Activity and Sports Studies (PASS) is an elective subject students can choose to study for five lessons per fortnight in Years 9-10.

PASS represents a broad view of physical activity and the many possible contexts in which individuals can build activity into their lifestyle. It incorporates a wide range of lifelong physical activities, including recreational, leisure and adventure pursuits, competitive and non-competitive games, individual and group physical fitness activities, and the use of physical activity for therapy and remediation.

Participation in regular physical activity is essential to improving health status and quality of life. Health experts agree it can reduce the likelihood of obesity, non-insulin dependent diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension and cancers. Research shows regular physical activity to also be effective in stress management, therapy and rehabilitation, injury prevention and the promotion of physical fitness. Individuals who lead an active lifestyle enjoy a positive sense of general wellbeing, heightened energy levels and improved ability to concentrate. They have an enhanced capacity to perform daily activities with ease and respond to increased demands.

Participation in physical activity provides opportunities for personal challenge, enjoyment and satisfaction. It also provides for positive interaction with others, in both collaborative and competitive contexts and supports the development of key social skills necessary for strong interpersonal relationships. Participation in particular physical activities can be culturally significant and play an important role in the development of cultural understanding.

Content : Areas of Study

The content is organised in modules within the following three areas of study:

·         Foundations of physical activity

·         Physical activity and sport in society

·         Enhancing participation and performance.

Area of Study 1 - Foundations of Physical Activity

In this area of study students are provided with the opportunity to explore and develop the foundations for participation and performance in physical activity and sport. Students establish a base of knowledge and skills that will encourage and enhance current, future and lifelong physical activity patterns. Students develop a capacity to evaluate factors that contribute to efficient and rewarding participation and to plan strategies that further enhance participation and performance.

Overview of modules

·         Body systems and energy for physical activity

·         Physical activity for health

·         Physical fitness

·         Fundamentals of movement skill development

·         Nutrition and physical activity

·         Participating with safety.

Area of Study 2 - Physical Activity and Sport in Society

In this area of study students explore physical activity and sport from national, community and individual perspectives. Students develop a broad understanding of the roles and effects of physical activity and sport, and the benefits and opportunities they can provide.

Overview of modules

·         Australia’s sporting identity

·         Lifestyle, leisure and recreation

·         Physical activity and sport for specific groups

·         Opportunities and pathways in physical activity and sport

·         Issues in physical activity and sport

Area of Study 3 - Enhancing Participation and Performance

In this area of study students are provided with opportunities to enhance their participation and performance in physical activity and sport. Students explore strategies to promote active lifestyles and also develop skills in specific movement contexts.

Overview of modules

·         Promoting active lifestyles

·         Coaching

·         Enhancing performance – strategies and techniques

·         Technology, participation and performance

·         Event management.


Assessment of student progress and achievement in 9-10 PASS comprises formative and summative assessment tasks and activities. These tasks are spread across both theory and practical units of work. Students will be assessed on the key content and skills outlined above. 

Examples of current assessment tasks include :

●     A personal research project on a contemporary issue in sport (e.g. racism, politics, gender equality)

●     Examination on the body’s main systems (anatomy and physiology)

●     A practical sports coaching program (which involves coaching Year 7 students in a sport of your choice) 

Current Year 9/10 PASS Scope & Sequence

               Year 9 PASS   

T Theory Practical

Body Systems

  Skeletal system

·     Functions; Structure; Long bones; Labelling the skeleton

·     Joints, joint actions (including synovial joints)

  Muscular system

·     Functions; Types of muscle

·     Labelling the major muscles

  Circulatory system

·     Functions; Structure; Labelling the heart

·     The heart, blood & blood vessels

  Respiratory system

·     Functions; Structure

  Body systems working together

Weeks 1-4

●  Racquet sports – badminton, tennis, mini-tennis


   Week 5+

   Sport leadership and   

   teamwork Unit 


Physical Fitness

   Definitions of physical fitness and physical activity

   Components of physical fitness

·     Health related; Skill related

   Fitness testing

·     Beep test, sit and reach, agility, speed, muscular endurance,

   Designing a training program

·   Goals; FITT Principle

Ultimate Frisbee


Fitness Testing

Circuit Training / boxercise



First Aid

  Priority assessment - DRSABCD

  Crisis Management

·     Bleeding; Shock; Neck & spinal injury

  Treatment of Injuries

·     Cuts and lacerations

·     Fractures & dislocations

·     Head injuries & concussion

  Management of medical conditions

·     Heart attack & Stroke

·     Diabetes; Epilepsy; Asthma

·     Anaphylaxes

·     Bites & stings

   European handball


   Circuit Training / boxercise

   Oz Tag



Event Management

·     Types of structures and formats

·     Qualities required for effective event management

·     Maximising participation and enjoyment

·     Case study

·     Assessment : Plan, implement and evaluate an in-class sporting event


Circuit Training / boxercise

Mixed games (associated      

with event management    



T Theory Practical

Issues in Sport

Introduction + Yearly overview

Drug Use in Sport

  • A historical perspective
  • Major Types / Perf. Enhancing V Recreational
  • Drug analysis table / Reasons why athletes take drugs
  • Case study / The future

Technology in sport

  • Training, Performance & Refereeing/Spectating
  • Impact
  • Case study

Women in professional sport / Gender equality

  • Examples of increased professionalism
  • Reasons why, influencing factors and impact

Weeks 1-3

Striking sports (cricket, softball/baseball, golf)

Weeks 4+

Racquet sports


Sports Training, Performance and Medicine

Types of training

  • Aerobic & Anaerobic (e.g. sprints, resistance)
  • Strength
  • Flexibility

Energy Systems

  • ATP/PC, Lactic acid and aerobic

Principles of training

  • Progressive overload; Specificity; Reversibility; Variety

Sports medicine

  • Soft & hard tissue injuries
  • Assessment – TOTAPS
  • Rehabilitation procedures

Court sports



European handball

Slide hockey



Sports Coaching

  • Qualities of effective coaching
  • Roles & responsibilities
  • Ethics in coaching
  • Individual interest case study
  • Elements of a good training session
  • Plan, deliver and evaluate a training session (assessment task)

Invasion games

Touch / Oz Tag (use of NRL development officers)




Lifelong Health & Fitness

  • Physical activity, fitness & exercise
  • FITT Principle
  • Holistic benefits of regular, moderate physical activity -physical, mental, emotional - social, spiritual
  • Physical & economic influences
  • Social and cultural factors  

Fitness, boxing

Circuit training

Walking; fitness for life moderate aerobic exercise